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山东省济南市章丘区第四中学2021届高三英语上学期第一次教学质量检测(8月)试题含答案

本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(choice题)和第Ⅱ卷(非choice题)。第Ⅰ卷 1 至 6page,第Ⅱ卷7 至8page。满分150郑际杂檬120分钟。

请考生按规定用笔takeAll试题的答案涂、写stay答题卡上,否则无效。

第Ⅰ卷

注意事睿

答第Ⅰ卷前,考生务必takeown男彰⒆伎贾ず盘钚磗tay答题卡上。

选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题康拇鸢副旰磐黑。如需改动,孟鹌げ粮删缓螅傺⊥科渌鸢副旰拧2荒艽餾tay本试卷上,否则无效。

第一部郑禾Γü两节,满分30郑

第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 郑 7.5 分)

听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,犹庵兴 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选睿⒈阺tay试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的time来answer有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. Who won the race this year?

A. Mark. B. Ron. C. Ken.

2. What is the man’s problem?

A. He wants more money.

B. He wants to leave earlier.

C. He wants to stop walking to school.

3. Where are the speakers?

A. In the mall. B. At the museum. C. On the street.

4. What is the conversation mainly about?

A. The weather. B. A school. C. Roads.

5. What will the woman probably do?

A. Ride the bicycle. B. Catch the bus. C. Drive the car.

第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 郑 22.5 分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,犹庵兴腁、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选睿⒈阺tay试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你take有time阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答time。每段对话或独白读奖椤

听第6段材料,answer第6、7题。

6. How old was the woman when they played the game last time?

A. 6. B. 11. C. 21.

7. Which ball was worth the least points?

A. The red one B. The green one. C. The blue one.

听第7段材料,answer第8、9题。

8. Which floor are the speakers on?

A. The first. B. The second. C. The third.

9. What is the relationship between the speakers?

A. Strangers. B. Family members. C. Friends.

听第8段材料,answer第10至12题。

10. What is the man?

A. A news writer. B. A business owner. C. A teacher.

11. What is the woman going to do first?

A. Call the guests.

B. Reserve the restaurant.

C. Pick up the decorations.

12. How is the woman reacting towards the man?

A. Annoyed. B. Confused. C. Comforting.

听第9段材料,answer第13至16题。

13. Why didn’t the woman like the scene?

A. An animal died.

B. She had too many questions.

C. The main character couldn’t save the town.

14. How did the man feel by the end of the film?

A. Scared. B. Sad. C. Content.

15. What will the speakers probably do at home?

A. Go to sleep right away. B. Eat some popcorn. C. Watch television.

16. Where will the woman go first?

A. The bathroom. B. The parking lot. C. The front hall.

听第10段材料,answer第17至20题。

17. What suggestion is given to “reduce”?

A. Using electric products.

B. Using fewer plastic bags.

C. Riding your bike to work.

18. How are plastic bottles wasted according to the talk?

A. People throw away about 700 plastic bottles per hour.

B. A person throws away about 7 pounds of plastic bottles per day.

C. Americans throw away about 60 million plastic bottles per day.

19. Which color can is used for food leftovers?

A. Blue. B. Green. C. White.

20. How can people order new recycling containers?

A. By phone. B. Through the mail. C. On the website.

第二部郑涸亩晾斫猓ü两节,满分35郑

第一节(共10小题;每小题2.5郑25郑

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选睿tay答题卡上take孟钔黑。

A

Clara packed her things at the Patent Office and went to her boss. “It’s been a pleasure working with you, but I’m quitting my job.” She turned and left.

“What are you doing home so early?” asked her sister Sally.

“The Civil War is taking its toll on the Union soldiers. I need to help them.”

Sally chewed her lips and looked around the room. “I’m going with you.”

The two volunteered at the Washington Hospital.After several months, Clara became unsettled. “Sally, this isn’t enough. I need to help the soldiers in the field and on the front lines. I’m leaving in the morning.”

Sally’s brows rose into her forehead. “Sally! You can’t. It’s too dangerous.”

“The front line soldiers who need help are in greater danger.”

Clara got donations where she could and used her own savings to buy supplies. She traveled from battle to battle with three army wagons. She also organized men to give first aid, carry water, and prepare food for the wounded.

After many months of battlefield after battlefield, Clara told her friend Rachel. “I finally received official permission to bring supplies to battlefields. The wounded soldiers are so appreciative of all I do, they’ve named me the “Angel of the Battlefield.”

“That’s wonderful,” said Rachel. “You certainly deserve the recognition. You’re one of the bravest women I know.”

After the Civil War ended, Clara went to Europe to rest her body and mind. So many years of helping soldiers and their families had worn her down.

While visiting Switzerland, Clara learned of the International Red Cross. Its mission to help war victims around the world aroused Clara’s interest and excitement. It also sparked an idea.

When she returned home, Clara worked to establish an American Red Cross. She even met with President Hayes to discuss it. Finally, on May 21, 1881, the American Red Cross was formed. A month later, Clara was elected president of the organization.

21. Where did Clara first volunteer to help the Union soldiers?

A. Switzerland. B. The Patent Office.

C. The front lines. D. The Washington Hospital.

22. Which of the following words best describes Clara’s character?

A. Fearless and devoted. B. Generous and energetic.

C. Humorous and brave. D. Considerate and confident.

23. What is the text mainly about?

A. The suffering brought by the Civil War.

B. The development of the American Red Cross.

C. Women’s contributions to the American peace.

D. A great woman who introduced Red Cross into USA.

B

Tiny as they are, bats have the ability to “see” in the dark by using a special skill called echolocation (回声定位法). They make noises and wait for sound waves, or an echo, to bounce back off objects. They can tell the distance of various objects by how quickly the sound waves bounce back off them. If no sound bounces back, they can then fly forward.

This special abilityhas been copied in the human world for a long time, such as in submarines and planes. But apart from helping vehicles “see” where they are, what if blind people could use echolocation for themselves? American Daniel Kish, who is blind, is known as “Batman”. This isn’t because he walks around in a cape (披风) and a mask, but because he has a bat-like ability to locate where he is through sharp clicks he makes by moving his tongue against the roof of his mouth. Kish is so skilled at echolocating that he can ride a bike and hike on his own.

Recently, a research carried out at the University of Durham in England shed some light on the power of human echolocation. Kish, as well as other volunteers, worked with a group of scientists who studied the way blind people listen to the echoes that they produce from clicks. The team found that people were capable of hearing even very faint echoes, ones far fainter than had been previously thought.

Lore Thaler, lead scientist of the group, said, “We found that in some conditions, they were really faint-about 95 percent softer than the actual clicks, but the echolocators were still able to sense this.”

Andrew Kolarik, another expert in echolocation, told BBC News that echolocation “can be very useful at providing information at face or chest height” and could help people “avoid objects like low hanging branches that might not get detected by the cane or a guide dog”.

According to BBC News, echolocation is a skill blind people can acquire and develop, just like learning a language. As Kolarik said, “Teaching echolocation skills could provide blind people with the means of exploring new places.”

24. What does “this special ability” in Paragraph 2 refer to?

A. The ability to make noises in the dark.

B. The ability to bounce back off objects.

C. The ability to measure the distance quickly.

D. The ability to use sound waves to echolocate.

25. What do we know about Daniel Kish from the text?

A. He is fond of riding a bike and hiking alone.

B. He is able to hear echoes he produces from clicks.

C. He is called “Batman” because he looks like a bat.

D. He conducted the experiment to circulate echolocation.

26. What is Kolarik’s attitude towards the future use of echolocation in blind people?

A. Ambiguous. B. Hopeful. C. Tolerant. D. Doubtful.

27. What’s the best title for the text?

A. Echolocation in Human World. B. A Very Special Batman.

C. Finding New Way to “See”. D. A Breakthrough in echoing.

C

On some level, offices exist to inspire in-person collaboration. But many of the basic technologies that employees now used to work together often encourage them to work virtually independent of one another.

“They wear their headphones—headphones are the new walls—to signal they are involved in high-concentration work and not available for chat,” says Stowe Boyd, a social critic whose research focuses on the future of work.

Such behavior is indicative of a wider workplace trend. As office-communication technologies have become more advanced, more and more employees are avoiding direct interaction with their co-workers. Experts say this is a shift that is likely to continue. Emerging technologies even suggests a future—perhaps decades away, but maybe sooner—in which offices are populated by employees who engage in virtually no work-focused, face-to-face contact whatsoever.

It isn’t to say co-workers won’t connect.Even as employees make the transition to “individual” work, they may begin to communicate in new ways that are as engaging as real-life interactions. Virtual reality, for example, could “hold 3-D meetings around a digital meeting table where employees are not physically in" says Martin Ford, an author who studies artificial intelligence and robots, among other things.

What’s the upside of a chat-free future, in which colleagues work together in close physical space but never need to talk person-to-person? For one, it may make work experiences more efficient by stopping gossipy distractions that can get in the way of serious affairs. It also may safeguard employees from physical disturbance, a growing workplace concern, says Jamais Cascio, an author and futurist.

But there are possible problems. Virtual environments have the potential to reduce social inhibitions (抑制), which could lead to conflicts. It’s also possible that technology will create a more impersonal atmosphere. Without the water cooler-style chat that can make work life more vibrant—research suggests informal office jokes can boost productivity—office relationships could start to resemble the interactions we have with strangers in public spaces.

Eventually, some experts believe, with technologies making their way into offices, humans may remove themselves from the workplace altogether, though not in the sense that they will be replaced by robots, as many have predicted.

28. According to Stowe Boyd, what can be widely seen in workplaces?

A. Technologies are used as a barrier against casual chat.

B. Direction interactions are resisted but cannot be avoided.

C. In-person collaboration is the best way to promote efficiency.

D. Face-to-face contact is the guarantee of high-concentration work.

29. What can we infer from Paragraph 4?

A. Coworkers prefer to keep closely connected.

B. Employees engage in developing far-away relationships.

C. Technologies allow for new forms of office-communication.

D. 3-D meetings have completely replaced real-life interactions.

30. What’s the author’s purpose in writing the passage?

A. To forecast a new workplace trend caused by technologies.

B. To encourage employees to make better use of technologies.

C. To stress the importance of combining work and technologies.

D. To introduce the effects of technologies on how employees interact.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2郑10郑

根据短文谌荩佣涛暮蟮难∠钪醒〕瞿芴钊肟瞻状Φ淖罴蜒∠睢Q∠钪杏两项为多余选项。

We’ve all heard the phrase, “Work smarter, not harder.” When it comes to studying, there are some very specific ways you can improve your effectiveness without adding loads of extra work.

Create a game plan. Before you begin your study session, create a game plan for exactly how you will study. Consider what you will study, how long you’ll spend on each subject and what study methods you will use. 31 Take at least 10 minutes before your study session to map out your game plan.

Outline your notes. Taking the time to boil your notes down to a standard outline can help you grasp the overall concepts you’re studying. You certainly can borrow or copy someone else’s notes, but you must work hard to put everything in your own words. 32 Many times, understanding the big picture is just as important as remembering all the individual facts. Outlining allows you to file individual facts under larger ideas.

Maintain balance. Balance can be difficult to maintain in school but it’s crucial for success. 33 Seek to carry out a balanced life. Make sure to maintain a social life and develop hobbies outside of school. Stay in touch with your family and keep them informed of your school progress. It’s certainly a challenge, but living in balance will keep you on the path to success.

34 If you want to do well in school, you simply have to do it. But there are specific ways to study better. To make the most of your limited time. 35 By following the methods above, you can raise the quality of your studying sessions without necessarily increasing the quantity.

A. To keep from spinning your wheels.

B. There’s no way to get around studying.

C. Write out your notes by hand during class.

D. If you don’t, you’ll fail to understand the larger concept.

E. This allows you to study the right materials at the right time.

F. The last thing you want to do is bury yourself in a mountain of books.

G. Don’t spend all your time studying or all your time hanging with friends.

第三部郑河镅栽擞茫ü两节,满分45郑

第一节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5郑30郑

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出sure填入空白处的最佳选睿tay答题卡上take孟钔黑。

Back on the first day of school, Ms. Ryan told all the children that at the end of the year there would be a class party. Everyone was very excited.

Slowly but 36 , fall turned into winter and winter turned into spring. Soon it was time to 37 the party. Ms. Ryan posted a list of things for students to bring. All the food would be 38 witheveryone. Logan 39 cupcakes.

One night, Mom said to Logan, “I can’t believe tomorrow is the 40 day of school. How time 41 !” Logan dropped his fork. “Oh no!” he cried. “I 42 to tell you before, but tomorrow is the class party. I’m 43 to bring cupcakes for everyone.”

Logan’s mom 44 . “Logan, I don’t think there’s enough time to 45 cupcakes before bed. You’ll have to go to the party 46 cupcakes. Next time, please let me know sooner.”“I’m sorry,” Logan sniffed, trying to 47 his tears.

“Well,” Mom 48 him, “I guess we have time to bake the cupcakes, but they will be too 49 to put icing on them tonight. The icing will melt.But I have a(n)50 .”

Immediately Logan and Mom set to work. Mom cracked the eggs 51 Logan added the oil. Together they mixedthe batter(面糊) and 52 it into the cupcake pan.

While the cupcakes were in the oven, Logan asked, “What about the icing?” Mom pulled out brightly colored sprinkles(糖屑). “I know we 53 use these for ice cream, but you can pack them with the cupcakes and let your friends 54 cupcakes. How does that sound?”

Logan smiled. His classmates would 55 to decorate their own cupcakes. “It sounds great!” said Logan. “Thanks, Mom. You’re the best.”

36. A. casually B. surely C. predictably D. unavoidably

37. A. attend B. delay C. plan D. end

38. A. shared B. associated C. cooked D. distributed

39. A. took away B. made up for C. gave away D.signed up for

40. A. new B. last C. middle D. special

41. A. flies B. drags C. changes D. waits

42. A. happened B. managed C. regretted D. forgot

43. A. allowed B. forced C. supposed D. recommended

44. A. frowned B. repeated C. explained D. agreed

45. A. bake B. buy C. order D. design

46. A. instead of B. regardless of C. with D. without

47. A. hide B. wipe away C. hold back D. dry

48. A. reminded B. comforted C. interrupted D. greeted

49. A. fresh B. warm C. sweet D. cold

50. A. idea B. problem C. plan D. agenda

51. A. so B. because C. but D. while

52. A. pushed B. threw C. spooned D. slid

53. A. hardly B. already C. even D. usually

54. A. make B. decorate C. taste D. deliver

55. A. decline B. choose C. love D. hate

第Ⅱ卷

注意:take答案写stay答题卡上。写stay本试卷上无效。

第三部郑河镅栽擞茫ü两节,满分45郑

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5郑15郑

阅读下面材料,stay空白处填入适当的谌荩1个单词)或括号内单词的正确问健

Each year, the women of Olney, England, and Liberal, Kansas, compete in 56 unusual footrace. Dressed in 57 (apron) and headscarves, they wait at both towns’ starting lines. Each woman holds a frying pan 58 one pancake inside. At the signal, the women flip their pancakes and they are off.

This “pancake racing” tradition is said to have started on Shrove Tuesday, 1445, in Olney, 59 is the day before the Christian season of Lent(大斋期) begins. During Lent, many people decide to give up sugary or fatty foods.

Legend says that in 1445, an Olney woman 60 (make) pancakes to use up some of her sugar and cooking fats before Lent. She lost track of time and 61 (sudden) heard the church bells ring, signaling the 62 (begin) of the Shrove Tuesday service. 63 (realize) that she was going to be late for church, she 64 (race) out, still wearing her apron and headscarf and holding her frying pan with a pancake in it.

In the following years, the woman’s neighbors imitated her dash to church, 65 pancake racing was born. Olney women continue this Shrove Tuesday tradition more than five hundred years later.

第四部郑盒醋鳎ü两节,满分40郑

第一节 应梦男醋鳎15郑

假定你是李华,最近,你stay英语学习上遇到一些difficulty。请给你的britain friendAlex 写一封邮件,向他求助。谌莅ǎ

1.你的difficulty;

2.寻求帮助。

注意:

1.词数80about;

2.sure适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

第二节(满分25郑

阅读下面材料,根据其谌莺退温淇酚镄两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。续写的词数应为150about。

Brownie and Harry were neighbor dogs in Stowe, abeautiful and peaceful town in Lamoille County, Vermont, United States, who met everyday to play together, running after each other joyfully. Like pairs of dogs you can find in most anyneighborhood, these two loved each other and played together so often that they had worn a path through the grass of thefield between their respective houses.

One evening, Brownie's family noticed that Brownie hadn't returned home as usual. They went looking for him withno success. Brownie still didn't show up the next day, and, despite their efforts to find him, by the next week he was still missing.

Curiously, the other dog, Harry, showed up at Brownie's house alone one day. He barked, jumped and pestered(纠)Brownie's human family, showing that he was filled with anxiety. Busy with their own lives, the family just ignoredthe nervous little neighbor dog and decided to let the missing dog go.

Harry refused to take “no” for ananswer. Ted, Brownie’s owner, was steadily disturbed by the angry, determinedlittle dog. One morning Harry followed Ted about, barking more insistently, then rushing toward a nearby empty lot and back, as if to say, “Follow me, please!I's very urgent!”

Eventually, Ted went after the mad Harry across the empty lot as Harry paused to race back and bark encouragingly. The little dog led the man under atree, past some tree jungles, to alonely spot ahalf mile from the house. There Tedfound his beloved Brownie, and he was alive, with one of his front legs falling into a steel trap. At that moment, Ted understood the strange behavior of Harry.

Feeling regretful, Ted now wished he had taken Harry's earlier appeals seriously. However, Harry had done more than simply led Brownie’s human owner to his trapped friend. Ted noticed something quite remarkable before him and was shocked that the amount of love that the dog has for his partner could be so outstanding.

Paragraph1:

In a circle around the injured dog, there were some remains of meals.

Paragraph 2:

Brownie was saved and taken home by his owner Ted.


参考答案

第一部郑禾Γ啃√1.5郑30郑

1-5 BCCAB 6-10 BCBAB 11-15 ACACC 16-20 ABCBA

第二部郑涸亩晾斫猓ü两节,35郑

第一节(每小题2.5郑25郑

A篇 21-23 DAD B篇 24-27 DBBC C篇 28-30 ACD

第二节(每小题2郑10郑

31-35 EDGBA

第三部郑河镅栽擞茫ü两节,45郑

第一节:完形填空(每小题1.5郑30郑

36-40 BCADB 41-45 ADCAA 46-50 DCBBA 51-55 DCDBC

第二节:语法填空(每小题1.5郑15郑

56. an 57. aprons 58. with 59. which 60. was making

61. suddenly 62. beginning 63. Realizing 64. raced 65. and/so

第四部郑盒醋鳎ü两节,满分40郑

One possible version:

Dear Alex,

With the college entrance examination approaching, my anxiety about the English learning is increasing, So I am writing to seek some guidance on how to improve it.

English writing is really a big challenge for me. First of all, my vocabulary is not large, which makes it impossible for me to choose right and authentic words and phrases. Besides, English grammar becomes a bottle-neck of my English writing, the sentences I construct being much more like a Chinese sentence than an English one.

Should you be kind enough to give me any help, I would be grateful to you.

Yours,

Li Hua

第二节:读后续写(满分25郑

【文章大意】

两只小狗Brownie和Harry是邻居, 每天会黄鹜妫 以至于两家之间的草地上已经被踏出了一条小径。一天傍晚, Brownie突然不见了踪影, 它的主人苦寻无果便决定放弃。但Harry却不断到Brownie 主人家, 狂吠, 乱跳, ”纠缠”着Brownie 的主人一家,通过它坚持不懈的”纠缠”, Brownie的主人跟随着它找到了被困的Brownie。

【写作指导】

Paragraph1的开头是”stayinjured的Brownie四周, 有一圈残羹剩饭”, 文章中最后一段讲到”Harry不仅仅只是带领Brownie的主死吹剿被困的friend跟前”, 由此可知, this些食物是Harry给Brownie带来的,本段应描述stayBrownie 被困的日子里, Harry是how 带食物给Brownie的,also上文提到两只小狗的感情十分深厚, staythis期间, Harry应该会always陪伴捅;ぷ臖rownie。

Paragraph 2的开头是”Brownie被它的主人Ted救下并带回家”, 由此可知, 接下来probably会描述Brownie被带go backaccepttreatment, 伤好后, 两只小狗又start黄鹂心地嬉戏玩耍,且sure根据情节进一步由欤两只小狗的友情步步拉近了两家人的距离。

One possible version:

Paragraph1:

In a circle around the injured dog, there were some remains of meals. It turned out that Harry had been visiting Brownie regularly in order to keep his friend alive. Everyday Harry took half of his dog food here to Brownie. Harry tried his best to beg the owner to ask for more leftovers and then he came out with the food. Each night Harry stayed with Brownie to protect him from other meat-eating animals, leaning close to Brownie to keep hi warm and encourage him to keep his spirits up.

Paragraph 2:

Brownie was saved and taken home by his owner Ted. His front leg was treated by an animal surgeon. He was attended so carefully and very soon he recovered. Everyday Harry came to see him and played with him happily. For many years thereafter, the two families still watched the faithful friends having fun and chasing each other down that well-worn path between their houses. The two dogs not only set up their own friendship but also made the two families harmonious and close together.

答案解析

第二部分 阅读理解

第一节

A

【文本大意】本文是“人与社会”主题下的一篇记叙文。文章讲述了Clara Barton是一名勇敢的女性,shestay内战时帮助injured的士兵,最后还建立了U.S.A红十字会。

【试题解析】

21. D 细节理解题,考查student 准确寻求并理解信息的能力。

【解析】根据第五段“The two volunteered at the Washington Hospital.”可知Clara一startstayWashington Hospital帮助联邦军队,故选D。

22. A 推理判断题,考查student 根据文章provide的事实和线索,进行逻辑推理的能力。

【解析】根据全文谌菘芍A项“无畏的和有奉献精神的”符合,而B项的energetic精力充沛的,C项的humorous幽默的,和D项的confident自信的都无从得知,故错误。

23. D 推理判断题,考查student 根据文章provide的事实和线索,进行逻辑推理的能力。

【解析】由全文谌菘芍本文main讲了Clara勇敢地帮助injured的士兵,最后建立了U.S.A红十字会,可推断出author写本文main是为了introduceU.S.A红十字会的起源,故选D。

B

【文本大意】本文是“人与自我”主题下的一篇说明文。文章讲述了盲人向蝙蝠学习,利用回声定位法来判断路障,从而保证顺利出行的一项新的科学Research。

【试题解析】

24. D词义guess题,考查student 根据上下文推断生词词义的能力。

【解析】根据文章第一段对蝙蝠回声定位法的阐述,可知蝙蝠的特殊能力(this special ability)是指利蒙ǖ姆吹磁卸鲜欠駍ure向前飞行。故选D。

25. B细节理解题,考查student 准确寻求并理解信息的能力。

【解析】根据第二段“Kish is so skilled at echolocating that he can ride a bike and hike on his own.”可知,Daniel Kish擅长回声定位法才心芰ζ车和徒步,而不是说他like一personal骑车和徒步,故排除A。根据“This isn’t because he walks around in a cape (披风) and a mask, but because he has a bat-like ability to locate where he is through sharp clicks he makes by moving his tongue against the roof of his mouth.”可知,Kish被称为蝙蝠侠是because他向蝙蝠一样能利用回声定位法,故排除C。Kish是参与实验的志愿者,并非实验的操作人员,故D选项错。正确选项是B。

26. B 观点态度题,考查student stay理解文章总体谌莸幕∩希重点把握Kolarik表明own观点的语句并能正确理解的能力。

【解析】根据第五段Kolarik说到回声定位法“can be very useful”and “help people avoid objects like low hanging branches that might not get detected by the cane (盲杖) or a guide dog”可知,他thinkstay回声定位法能帮助盲人解除某些路障,提高出行的愉fast体验,therefore对盲人有利,有推广的意义。故选B。

27. C主旨大意题,考查student 归纳、概括文章main谌莸哪芰Α

【解析】文章main讲述了科学家们find 盲人stay出行时sure学习蝙蝠,利用回声定位法

来判断probably存stay的路障,从而保证出行的顺利。A选项“Echolocation in Human World”范围太大,文章的Research仅限于盲人,不正确。B选项“A Very Special Batman”,文章是一项科学Research,不是围绕一personal物展开,不正确。D选项 “A Breakthrough in echoing”,文章Research的是回声定位法,而不是回声,不正确。C选项“Finding New Way to ‘See’”,紧扣文章谌荨と利用回声定位法来出行,犹如“神眼相助”,故选C。

C

【文本大意】本文是“人与社会”主题下的一篇说明文。office引进技术,原本为了促进员工更好地cooperation,而实际上员工们却用作隔绝闲聊的遮挡物。新技术的引进,改变了办公蕄age稍被ザ哪J剑旃∷鵷ake逐渐失去它原本所have的功能。比如,虚拟现实sure通过3-D技术使处于不同地点的员工“聚”stay一个虚拟的会议室开会。隔绝了office闲聊的工作模式有利有弊,但科学家预言,随着人工智能等新科学技术的发梗管死嗟工作岗位不会为之取代,但办公场所的意义take发生很大的变化,今后死喟旃玴robably不再需要统一的办公场所。

【试题解析】

28. A推理判断题,考查student 根据文章provide的事实和线索,进行逻辑推理的能力。

【解析】分析前三段的逻辑关系可知,“Such behavior is indicative of a wider workplace trend.”指的是Stowe Boyd提及的“They wear their headphones—headphones are the new walls—to signal they are involved in high-concentration work and not available for chat”,也就是第一段提到的现象“many of the basic technologies that employees now used to work together often encourage them to work virtually independent of one another”,由此sure推断出A选项正确,员工们用新技术来隔绝闲聊,避免直接交流。

29. C 推理判断题,考查student 根据文章provide的事实和线索,进行逻辑推理的能力。

【解析】第四段主题句是“It isn’t to say co-workers won’t connect.”,then阐述了office员工how 利用科学技术进行全新的交流模式,还以“virtual reality”举例证明。C项符合题意,故选C。

30. D 推理判断题,考查student 根据文章provide的事实和线索,进行逻辑推理的能力。

【解析】文章讲述了新技术的引进,改变了办公蕄age稍被ザ哪J剑旃∷鵷ake逐渐失去它原本所have的功能。therefore,文章mainResearch新的科学技术对办公蕄age稍被ザJ降挠跋煲约由此改变了办公场所的意义。D项符合题意,故选D。

第二节

【文章大意】文章mainintroduce了提高学习效率的一些specific 的方法。

31. E 根据本段男”晏饧扒昂缶涞男畔此处main指plan的重要性。

32. D承由暇涞慕ㄒ椋瑃his里express一个假设的情况。

33. Gthis一段main是财胶狻

34. B 最后一问亲芙崛摹

35. A 与前一句结构并列。

第三部分 语言运用

第一节

【文章大意】main讲述母亲和孩子how staytime很紧的情况下黄鹞猻choolpartyget ready奖案獾膕tory。

36. B副词辨析题。季节交替是一个缓慢而确定的过程。

37. C动词辨析题。根据上下文可知。到羢earch杲崾瑂tartplan打算party了。

38. A动词辨析题。食物classmate们黄鸫矗黄鸱窒怼

39. D动词短语辨析题。此处sign up for 意为主动申领某项任务。

40. B形容词辨析题。从第一段可知,they是stay学年结束的时候holdparty, therefore选last。

41. A 动词辨析题。How time flies意为time飞逝。

42. D动词辨析题。由舷挛目芍我应该是忘了。

43. C动词辨析题。Be supposed to express应该。

44. A动词辨析题。从下文可知,get readycupcaketime很紧。mom 皱眉express担心。

45. A动词辨析题。没有足够time烤制。

46. D动词辨析题。time不足,所以只能不带cupcake而去参加party。

47. C动词辨析题。Hold back tears 意为抑制眼泪。

48. B动词辨析题。由舷挛目芍琺om stay安慰他。

49. B 形容词辨析题。从下文“The icing will melt.”可知warm。

50. A名词辨析题。I have an idea.意为我想到办法了。

51. D连词辨析题。此处While用作并列连词。

52. C动词辨析题。此处意为用匙舀。

53. D副词辨析题。We通常是把糖屑撒stay冰淇淋上面。

54. B 动词辨析题。用糖屑点缀 cupcake。

55. C 动词辨析题。classmate们会likeown点缀they的 cupcake。

第二节

【命题意图】考查student stay阅读理解的基础上运用词汇知识的能力。

【文章大意】本文是一篇说明文,讲述了煎饼赛跑节的由来。

【试题解析】

56. an 考查冠词。

【解析】根据后面男稳荽unusual,该词由元音开头,故填an。

57. aprons 考查名词复数。

【解析】根据主语they可知,参赛选手们系着围梗应该用复数问剑侍頰prons。

58. with 考查介词。

【解析】根据语义可知,每个妇女拿着一个煎锅,里面放着一个煎饼,考查了with的复合宾语结构。

59. which 考查定语从句。

【解析】根据语境“This “pancake racing” tradition is said to have started on Shrove Tuesday, 1445, in Olney, 59 is the day before the Christian season of Lent begins.”可知,此处是定语从句,先行词是Shrove Tuesday,属于指钍蕉ㄓ锎泳洌忌枰邢阜治鲇镆獠拍正确把握题意,故填which。

60. was making 考查谓语动词。

【解析】根据下文,当时she正stay做煎饼,为了stay大斋节前用光All的糖和脂肪,所以用过去进行时。

61. suddenly 考查副词。

【解析】用副市奘味剩侍sudden的副市问絪uddenly。

62. beginning 考查市伪浠弧

【解析】根据语境可知,教堂的由な咀赔慊谛瞧诙膕tart,故填begin的名市问絙eginning。

63. Realizing 考查非谓语动词。

【解析】根据语境可知,此处是reason 状语“because意识到要迟到了”,故用非谓语动词的主动式Realizing。

64. raced 考查谓语动词。

【解析】 根据上下文,意识到要迟到了,she冲了出去。所以用commonly过去时。

65. and/so 考查并列连词。

【解析】分析句子结构可知,空格前是逗号,空格后引导并列句,两句之间是顺承或者因果关系,故填and或so。

第四部分 写作

第一节

【写作思路】该题要求考生根据所给信息写则一封求助信,属于半开放性的作文,考生有一定的发挥空间。考生stay解答此题时,紫纫⒁飧梦牡奶宀梦樾牛镅韵喽岳此到正式。其次,求助的谌菀肴8据要点可适当增加细节以及过渡性语言,以使行文连贯。

【范文赏读】见上文

第二节

【范文赏读】见上文

附:听力参考材料

Text 1

W: I can’t believe you got second place in the race! That was amazing, Ken.

M: Thanks, Rita. But I really wanted to be the champion this year. Ron is just too fast; he always beats me.

W: At least you beat Mark this year.

Text 2

M: I’m sick and tired of having to walk to school every day!

W: Well, if you saved your money, you could buy a car and you wouldn’t have that problem. Or you could just leave earlier with me in the morning.

Text 3

W: Excuse me, what’s the best way to get there? Should I go down this 1st Street and then turn onto Main Street when I see the mall?

M: I usually just pay for a taxi to get to the museum. It’s very cheap.

Text 4

W: Do you think school will be closed tomorrow? The roads are supposed to be really bad after the snow tonight.

M: I hope so. We haven’t had a snow day this season yet.

W: I don’t like the cold, but I prefer it to the heat.

Text 5

W: I need to go to the school to pick up the book I left. Can you drive me in the car?

M: You’re going to have to take public transport or ride your bicycle because I need to finish my work.

W: But the bicycle is broken!

Text 6

W: I want to play Sunshine Ball for my 21st birthday.

M: We haven’t played that game since we made it 10 years ago! What were the rules again? The green ball was two points and the red ball was three, right?

W: Yes, and the blue ball was a single point. You guys always used to fight each other, while I was busy getting points.

M: Oh yeah, you were so much better than Dave and he used to get so angry!

W: I guess, but Dave was only six, and you did beat him on his birthday that one time. I bet he is still angry after all these years.

Text 7

M: Excuse me, can you tell me where the perfume is? I need a gift for my sister’s birthday. The store map says it’s on this floor of the building. I looked all over and couldn’t find it though.

W: You can find perfume right across from the jewelry section on the floor above us. That section moved to the third floor last month. We actually have a special going on in that department as well. If you buy a necklace or a ring, you will get a free bottle of perfume!

M: Oh wow, that’s great! I will buy my mother the more expensive item, and give my sister the perfume!

W: That’s a good idea. There are some very nice rings; you should buy your mother one of those.

M: No, I will get something else. She only wears one ring, which is her wedding ring. She says having things on her fingers is very uncomfortable.

Text 8

M: I am going to need your help to get things done before the opening day of my store.

W: Sure, no problem.

M: Thanks! First things first, please call the people on this guest list and confirm they are coming. Then, the rest of the items that need to be done are on this list.

W: One, pick up table decorations from Phil’s. Two, pick up posters from Signs Now Store and three, call 368 Restaurant to confirm food delivery.

M: That’s only today’s list. Also, please make the calls first before picking up the items.

W: Sure. How many lists do you have?

M: One for each day until the opening. If I don’t keep a list, I will be a complete mess!

W: That’s extra precise of you. I would just keep one long list. OK, what else?

M: I need you to send me a text message every hour to let me know everything is going to be okay.

W: Ha-ha! OK.

M: All I can do is worry. There is so much to do!

W: One day at a time. Let me get started and I will check in with you soon.

Text 9

W: At first, it was scary, but in the end, it was just sad! The main character got so sick, but the worst part was when the horse died! I hated that scene so much! It just makes me think of my pets at home and how I need to hug them now.

M: I thought it was quite a bitter-sweet film actually. The main character achieved everything he wanted and saved the town! By the end of it, I didn’t have any questions and I felt like everything had been done really well.

W: I’m going to have bad dreams if I go to sleep now, can we go home and watch something nice, like a cartoon show?

M: As long as I can lie down. I ate way too much popcorn and now my stomach hurts! I might need to use the bathroom before I leave actually.

W: Okay, I’ll go with you because I want to wash my hands anyway. When you finish in there, just meet me in the front hall, and I’ll go get the car from the parking lot. I might be a while. That was a long movie and my legs are tired from sitting down for so long!

M: Take your time.

Text 10

The following is a public service announcement from the city of Los Angeles.

Did you know thatanaverage American throws away seven pounds of garbage each day? Did you know that sea levels have risen more in the last century than in the last two thousand years? The fact is our earth is warming at an alarming rate. Here are some helpful tips for you andyour family to help protect our environment.

REDUCE. Use cloth bags for your groceries instead of plastic. It reduces the amount of waste that ends up in our garbage dumps and oceans. Using less electricity also greatly helps to reduce air pollution.

REUSE. When we reuse, we are also reducing pollution, because burning garbage gives off harmful gases into the atmosphere. It is said that about sixty million plastic bottles are thrown away each dayin America. So just by switching to a reusable glass water bottle, you are making a difference.

RECYCLE. Each family should have a black garbage can and a green can for food waste. In addition, you will have three blue cans for your paper, plastic and metals. More information about recyclable materials will be in the mail or on the website www.lacity.org. If you do not have recycling containers, please call City Services at 213-473-8888. Let’s work together to make our city a safer, healthier, and more beautiful place to live in.

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